The greater kudu is one of the world’s largest antelope. Bulls weigh up to 600 lbs and stand over 5’ at the shoulders. Their horns, if straight, can reach over 6’ long and can twist 2 ½ times by the age of 6. Females are much smaller and do not have the horns or the mane.
Their range extends from Ethiopia to the north and as far south as South Africa. They prefer the dense bush and forests. Despite such a large range, they are sparsely populated in most areas due to the decline of habitat, deforestation, and poaching, plus, their horns are highly prized. Although the greater kudu is not endangered, the lesser kudu (T. imberbis) is highly threatened with an estimated total of 11k remaining.
Hyenas, big cats, and wild dogs hunt the greater kudu. If alarmed, they stand still and can be extremely difficult to spot and they can also leap over 8’ high.
The most prominent difference between antelopes and deer is that male deer have antlers which they shed and grow every year while antelopes have horns that are permanent. Another difference is that deer antlers are branched and antelope horns are not. Antelopes belong to family Bovidae (as do sheep, goats, and cattle), while deer belong to family Cervidae. Both are even-toed ungulates (hoofed animals).